Foster Care & Adoption


What is Foster Care?

Foster care is substitute care for babies, children, and youth, placed away from their parents or guardians and for whom the State agency has placement and care responsibility.  This includes, placements in foster family homes, foster homes of relatives, group homes, emergency shelters, residential facilities, child care institutions, and pre-adoptive homes.

Foster children usually enter the foster care system due to abuse and trauma in their home. Neglect is the #1 reason children are removed, followed by parental drug use.

This displacement causes a unique set of emotional, social and academic challenges for them. They often experience grief, guilt, anger, sadness, loneliness, anxiety, low self-esteem, mental and physical health issues.


What Is Adoption?

Adoption is the legal process by which a child becomes a full, permanent and legal member of a new family. Adopted children and adoptive parents both benefit from the same legal, social and emotional rights as biological children and parents.

When children in foster care cannot be safely reunited with their biological families, mainly due to the parent’s abuse and neglect, adoption is often the most desirable goal. While many children are adopted by relatives, many are still searching for their forever home.

Parents who open their homes and hearts make a beautiful commitment to nurture and protect children in need.


Neglect is the #1 reason children are removed from their biological home, followed by parental drug use.

What happens to kids during childhood shapes who they become as adults.

Children living through abuse and violence, unnecessarily suffer the ill effects of this trauma for the rest of their lives.


If neglect and drug abuse are the main reasons children are removed from their homes, then positive parenting, asking for help, and protecting our children is the solution.

Children who are nurtured and supported throughout childhood are more likely to thrive and develop into happy, healthy and productive adults.

Click for References & Sources

    1. The Impact of Placement Stability on Behavioral Well-being for Children in Foster Care. David M. Rubin, Amanda L.R. O’Reilly, Xianqun Luan, A. Russell Localio.
    2. US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, The Physical & Mental Health of Children in Foster Care.
    3. Child Welfare Information Gateway. Supporting Youth Transitioning Out of Foster Care.
    4. Institute for Research on Poverty. What We Know About the Effects of Foster Care. Retrieved From:
    5. Adoption and the effect on children’s development, Dana E.Johnson.
    6. Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System #24 | October 2017
    7. Child Welfare Outcomes 2009-2012 Report to Congress