Healthy Sleep Habits: How Many Hours Does Your Child Need?
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From infants and toddlers to school-aged kids and teens, parents want to know how many hours of sleep are recommended. While it’s true that sleep needs vary from one person to another, there are some very reason-able, science-based guidelines to help you determine whether your child is getting the sleep he or she needs to grow, learn, and play.
Childhood Sleep Guidelines
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) provides some helpful guidelines regarding just how much sleep children need at different stages in their development. Keep in mind that these numbers reflect total sleep hours in a 24-hour period. So if your son or daughter still naps, you’ll need to take that into account when you add up his or her typical sleep hours.
Do those numbers surprise you?
So, are you sending your child off to bed early enough? If those numbers are surprising to you, you’re not alone. Working and single parents, espe-cially, are often forced to get by on 5, 6, or even fewer hours of sleep each night. This is likely impacting your own social and mental function-ing, as well as increasing your risk for other health problems. It might be tempting to think that your children can also get by with less sleep than they need, or that they should be able to cope fairly well with a few skipped hours here and there. However, all children thrive on a regular bedtime routine. Regular sleep deprivation often leads to some pretty dif-ficult behaviors and health problems—irritability, difficulty concentrat-ing, hypertension, obesity, headaches, and depression. Children who get enough sleep have a healthier immune system, and better school perfor-mance, behavior, memory, and mental health.
Healthy Sleep Habits – Tips from the AAP
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) supports the AASM guidelines and encourages parents to make sure their children develop good sleep habits right from the start.
Make sufficient sleep a family priority.
Understand the im-portance of getting enough sleep and how sleep affects the overall health of you and your children. Remember that you are a role model to your child; set a good example. Staying up all night with your teen to edit his or her paper or pulling an all-nighter for work yourself isn’t really sending the right message. Making sleep a prior-ity for yourself shows your children that it’s part of living a healthy lifestyle—like eating right and exercising regularly.
Keep to a regular daily routine.
The same waking time, meal times, nap time, and play times will help your child feel secure and comfortable, and help with a smooth bedtime. For young children, it helps to start early with a bedtime routine such as brush, book, bed. Make sure the sleep routines you use can be used anywhere, so you can help your child get to sleep wherever you may be.
Be active during the day.
Make sure your kids have interesting and varied activities during the day, including physical activity and fresh air.
Monitor screen time.
The AAP recommends keeping all screens—TVs, computers, laptops, tablets, and phones out of children’s bed-rooms, especially at night. To prevent sleep disruption, turn off all screens at least 60 minutes/1 hour before bedtime. Create a Family Media Use Plan and set boundaries about use before bedtime.
Create a sleep-supportive and safe bedroom and home environment.
Dim the lights prior to bedtime and control the tempera-ture in the home. Don’t fill up your child’s bed with toys. Keep your child’s bed a place to sleep, rather than a place to play. One or two things—a favorite doll or bear, a security blanket—are okay and can help ease separation anxiety.
Realize that teens require more sleep, not less.
sleep-wake cycles begin to shift up to two hours later at the start of puberty. At the same time, most high schools require students to get to school earli-er and earlier. The AAP has been advocating for middle and high schools delay the start of class to 8:30 a.m. or later. It is important that parents and local school boards work together to implement high school start times that allow teens to get the healthy sleep they need.
Don’t put your baby to bed with a bottle of juice, milk, or formula.
Water is okay. Anything other than water in the bottle can cause baby bottle tooth decay. Feed or nurse your baby, and then put him or her down to sleep.
Don’t start giving solids before about 6 months of age.
Starting solid food sooner will not help your baby sleep through the night. In fact, if you give your baby solids before their system can digest them, he or she may sleep worse because of a tummy ache.
In addition to homework, many children today have scheduled evening activities (i.e., sports games, lessons, appointments, etc.) that pose challenges to getting a good night’s sleep. Take time to wind down and give your children the down-time that they need.
Learn to recognize sleep problems.
The most common sleep prob-lems in children include difficulty falling asleep, nighttime awaken-ings, snoring, stalling and resisting going to bed, sleep apnea, and loud or heavy breathing while sleeping.
Talk to your child’s teacher or child care provider about your child’s alertness during the day.
Sleep problems may manifest in the daytime, too. A child with not enough, or poor quality sleep may have difficulty paying attention or “zoning out” in school. Let your child’s teacher know that you want to be made aware of any reports of your child falling asleep in school, as well as any learning or be-havior problems.
Talk to your child’s pediatrician about sleep.
Discuss your child’s sleep habits and problems with your pediatrician, as most sleep problems are easily treated. He or she may ask you to keep a sleep log or have additional suggestions to improving your child’s sleep habits.
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